Crickets, known scientifically as Gryllus campestris, belong to the order Orthoptera. Crickets mainly have cylindrical bodies, round heads, and long antennae. The hind legs have enlarged femora which enables them to jump long distances. Some species of crickets are able to chirp by rubbing two specially textured limbs together. Cricket chirp at different rates depending on
their species and the temperature of their environment. Nearly 900 species of crickets have been described. Crickets are attracted to dark, moist environments and spend the majority of their time close to water and shaded areas. They occur is varied habitats from grasslands, forests, marshes, and caves. They are nocturnal insects so they tend to stay in mulch areas and small cracks and crevices around the home during the day. Most crickets tend to be omnivores and accept a wide range of organic food including flowers, fruit, leaves, and seeds. Other more predatory species feed on inveterate eggs, larvae, pupae, molting insects, and aphids. Cricket activity is most common during the spring. Crickets mate in the late summer, early fall. They lay their eggs right before winter and then enter a state of hibernation, known as diapause, until spring. In areas where weather conditions permit, crickets may mate during any season and can produce offspring year-round.

Common Pests

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