Rodents

Rodents may seem large, but they have the ability to collapse their skeleton and fit into just about any hole, often working their way into garages, homes, and basements. Rodents often carry disease, and cause damage by getting into food, damaging electrical wiring, and leaving droppings. They also reproduce extremely fast, and one rodent can turn into a huge infestation if not treated quickly. There are three common types of rodents.

House Mouse

Size: 2 3/4” to 4”

Image Attribution: Gallinago_Media

Description:  The house mouse is common all over the world. They are grey with long tails. They like dark areas, where they won’t be disturbed. They nest in soft materials, like cotton, insulation, and clothing. Mice make small noises, but often mouse droppings are found as evidence of mice being in the area.

Life Cycle: Mice reach maturity in 35 days, and mate quickly soon after. A mouse can have 5-8 babies each litter, and get pregnant 8 times each year. Most mice don’t live longer than a year, but some live up to 5 years.

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Rat

Size: 7” to 9”

Image Attribution: By Evan Edwards

Description: Depending on the breed of rat, they can be a shaggy brown to a smooth black color. Rats need a lot of water to survive, and are common in areas that have constant standing water. Rats carry several diseases. Most rats have bad vision, but every other sense is heightened. It makes them quick, good climbers, and great swimmers.

Life Cycle: Rats have 4-6 litters per year, each litter containing 6-8 babies. Most rats live about 1 year.

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Vole

Size: 2” to 6”

Image Attribution: Holder Pest

Description: The vole often stays outside of a home eating insects and roots of plants, but often ruins the yard by creating trails that kill the grass, and making holes as they burrow under ground.

Life Cycle: Voles can start mating 1 month after being born. A vole can lay up to 72 babies a year, and live up to a year.